Pigmentation, all you need to know about diagnosis and treatment
27 Nov 2016
Pigmentation has taken over where wrinkles left off! As a result, there are plenty of creams and treatments available, often causing confusion and giving disappointing results. Here is all you need to know about pigmentation.
What is pigmentation?
This is a condition that causes the skin to discolor, also known as hyperpigmentation. It presents as either light or dark patches on the skin. It is the result of hormonal balances and/or extended sun exposure and consequently proves to be difficult to treat.
What causes discolouration?
This skin discolouration is as a result of increased levels of melanin in the skin. Common causes are injury, sun damage and hormonal changes (known as melasma). However, please note that birthmarks and freckles are a different type of pigmentation, because they are genetically determined.
Will you get it?
Generally, these patches are hereditary and are not limited to a particular skin type, nationality or age group. As a result, if your mother had them, you’re likely to have them too.
How can I protect against it?
Wear sun protection rain or shine UV Ray’s are not only out when the sun is shining! Wear a high-quality sunscreen with UVA and UVB protection every day. This is vital when your skin is susceptible to pigmentation, for example, pregnancy and hormonal changes.
Our top picks are:
– Lamelle’s Helase SPF 50
– Heliocare (options to suit all skins, colours and texture preferences)
– Obagi Nu-Derm Sunshield SPF 50
It is difficult to get the desired results without treating the cause of the pigmentation. Products are to be used in conjunction with a prescription, and treatment plan devised by an aesthetic doctor. Sun spots can be pre-cancerous and need to be checked at regular intervals, early detection saves lives.
The fact remains, however, the most effective results are achieved with a combination of treatments. Treatments include Laser, Fraxel Dual Laser, Skin Peels, Laser Genesis and some might not be suitable for you. Invest in your skin always put safety first!